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Toxic Farming Practices And Colony Collapse Disorder

Toxic Farming Practices And Colony Collapse Disorder

A major concern in our world today is the alarming rate of the bees disappearing, also know as colony collapse disorder. Over a million bee colonies are dying each year, leaving the queen bee to starve and die.

Why are the bees dying?

Though there remains a fair amount of controversy about the bees dying, it comes as no surprise that new research is pointing to toxic farming practices. A pesticide called neonicotinoid, used on all corn and soybean commercial growing in the USA, is absorbed by the plants and contaminates the pollen and nectar on which bees thrive. To further the damage, dust containing neonicotinoids at the time of planting fall upon and coat neighboring flowers and plants to which the bees are attracted. Studies show this pesticide damages the nervous system of bees, especially their homing capability, rendering their inability to return to the hive. This toxic pesticide is adding insult to the injury bees have already been confronting with a decline in their diverse food supply as a result of both increased land development and toxic GMO planting.

The founder of biodynamic farming and agriculture, Rudolph Steiner, predicted many years ago that both the use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers along with artificial means of breeding honeybees would ultimately result in colony collapse. We humans appear to remain oblivious to the significance of every little creature which exists in nature, and its vital role in the grand scheme of the natural environment. If we do not become stewards of this earth and allow nature to impart its wisdom, the endless drive for profit without regard for the delicate balance in nature will be our demise.

A solution to the bees dying must be found. While we can further debates about whether the cause is pesticides, artificial breeding, bacteria, viruses, fungus and more, we can start by cleaning up our environmental mess and enforcing changes to toxic farming practices. Simply and boldly put: if all the bees die, we die. Without the pollination by the bees, food supplies will rapidly diminish while entire ecosystems will be devastated. The bees disappearing is a clear message that our environment is toxic and unhealthy. If we do not remove the toxins from our environment, the impact on life may be irreversible. The earth has provided humanity with gifts and bounty, yet mankind’s endless greed is raping, destroying, diminishing, poisoning, unbalancing and limiting the very planet from which we are meant to thrive.

The bees have issued a warning. Let’s hope we listen and take action.

You can start today by clicking the link below.

http://thehoneybeeconservancy.org/act-today-2/act-today/

And sign this petition to tell Congress it is time to stop the use of pesticides that kill the bees.

http://org.credoaction.com/petitions/tell-congress-stop-the-pesticide-that-is-killing-bees

 

You can discover more about the life and importance of bees with a book.

              the life of bees

You can read the article below to learn more.

Beepocalypse Redux: Honeybees Are Still Dying and We Still Don’t Know Why

by Bryan Walsh, Senior Editor Of Time

More than five years after it was first reported, colony-collapse disorder is still killing honeybees around the world. If scientists can’t pinpoint the cause, the economic and environmental damage could be immense.

The honeybees are dying — and we don’t really know why. That’s the conclusion of a massive Department of Agriculture (USDA) report that came out late last week on colony-collapse disorder (CCD), the catchall term for the large-scale deaths of honeybee groups throughout the U.S. And given how important honeybees are to the food that we eat — bees help pollinate crops that are worth more than $200 billion a year — the fact that they are dying in large numbers, and we can’t say why, is very, very worrying.

CCD was first reported in 2006, when commercial beekeepers began noticing that their adult worker honeybees would suddenly flee the hive, ending up dead somewhere else and leading to the rapid loss of the colony. On normal years, commercial beekeepers might expect to lose 10% to 15% of their colony, but over the past five years, mortality rates for commercial operations in the U.S. have ranged from 28% to 33%. Since 2006 an estimated 10 million beehives worth about $200 each have been lost, costing beekeepers some $2 billion. There are now 2.5 million honeybee colonies in the U.S., down from 6 million 60 years ago. And if CCD continues, the consequences for the agricultural economy — and even for our ability to feed ourselves — could be dire. “Currently, the survivorship of honeybee colonies is too low for us to be confident in our ability to meet the pollination demands of U.S. agricultural crops,” the USDA report said.

So what’s causing CCD — and how can we stop it?

(MORE: What’s the Buzz: Study Links Pesticide With Honeybee Collapse)

The problem is that there doesn’t seem to be a single smoking gun behind CCD. The USDA report points at a range of possible causes, including:

  • A parasitic mite called Varroa destructor that has often been found in decimated colonies
  • Several viruses
  • A bacterial disease called European foulbrood that is increasingly being detected in U.S. bee colonies
  • The use of pesticides, including neonicotinoids, a neuroactive chemical

Since CCD isn’t so much a single disease as it is a collection of symptoms, chances are that some or all of these factors, working in concert, might be behind the disappearance of the honeybees. The presence of the Varroa mite, for instance, can worsen the impact of existing viruses, while the stress of shipping bees back and forth across the country — increasingly common in commercial beekeeping — may be amplifying the stress on the insects and leaving them more vulnerable to CCD. (If you think a cross-country flight is rough on you, just imagine what it’s like for a honeybee hive.) The fact that CCD is increasingly seen in other countries as well gives more weight to the notion that there may be multiple factors at work.

Still, environmentalists have focused most on the potential role of pesticides — especially the powerful neonicotinoids — and some lab studies have found that the chemicals can adversely affect bee health. It’s not that the pesticides — which are aimed at other insects — are killing the bees outright, but rather that sublethal exposure in nectar and pollen may be interfering with the honeybees’ internal radar, preventing them from gathering pollen and returning safely to the hive.

(MORE: Wildlife: Where Have All the Bumblebees Gone?)

The USDA report mostly withholds judgment on neonicotinoids, citing the need for more research, and the Environmental Protection Agency is conducting a very slow review of the evidence. Last week, though, the E.U., which is also grappling with CCD, decided it was done waiting, and announced a two-year ban on neonicotinoids. The European Commission enacted the ban on the recommendation of the European Food Safety Authority, which said in January that the pesticides should be restricted until scientists had cleared the chemicals of a role in CCD.

The chemical industry, unsurprisingly, disputes the finding. Bayer CropScience, a major pesticide manufactuer, said in a statement after the ban was announced:

“As a science-based company, Bayer CropScience is disappointed that clear scientific evidence has taken a backseat in the decisionmaking process. This disproportionate decision is a missed opportunity to reach a solution that takes into consideration all of the existing product-stewardship measures and broad stakeholder concerns. The further reduction of effective crop-protection products will put at risk farmers’ ability to tackle important pests that can severely restrict their ability to grow high-quality food.”

As Brad Plumer pointed out over at the Washington Post, it’s not that the E.U. necessarily has more evidence about the role that the chemicals might be playing in CCD. This is a classic case of policymaking by the precautionary principle. The pesticides are considered guilty until proven innocent, and so they’re preventively banned, even before the scientific case is rock solid. That’s not unusual for European environmental regulation, especially in regard to chemicals. In the U.S. it’s the reverse — before the federal government is likely to take the step of banning a class of pesticides, and pissing off the multibillion-dollar chemical industry, you’re likely to see a lot more science done.

So what we may get in Europe and the U.S. is a de facto field test of the real impact of neonicotinoids on CCD. In two years, if American bees are still dying and their European cousins are thriving, we might just have our answers. And if not, well, I hope you don’t like cashews, beets, broccoli, cabbage, brussels sprouts, chestnuts, watermelons, cucumber, fennel, strawberries, macadamia, mangoes, apricots, almonds or any of the other dozens of food crops pollinated by our hardworking, six-legged, unpaid farmworkers.

(MORE: Ecosysyem Crisis: Bees Dying By The Millions In Canada)

2018-06-17T22:17:05+00:00